Introduction: Adalaj Stepwell, located in the western Indian state of Gujarat, stands as a testament to the rich cultural heritage and architectural brilliance of ancient India. This awe-inspiring stepwell is not just a well-preserved historical site but also an artistic masterpiece that reflects the ingenuity and engineering prowess of its creators. Let’s delve into the captivating history, intricate design, and cultural significance of Adalaj Stepwell.
- Historical Background: Dating back to the 15th century, Adalaj Stepwell, also known as Adalaj Vav, was commissioned by Queen Rudabai, the wife of the Vaghela chieftain, Rana Veer Singh. This remarkable structure was built as a functional water reservoir to combat the region’s scarcity of water during the arid seasons. However, over time, the stepwell evolved into a symbol of architectural brilliance and served as a gathering place for locals and travelers.
- Architectural Marvel: Adalaj Stepwell’s architectural style is a fusion of Indo-Islamic and Hindu influences, resulting in an exquisite blend of craftsmanship. The stepwell is five stories deep, adorned with intricate carvings, ornamental motifs, and delicately chiseled columns. Each level showcases unique architectural features, making it an enthralling experience for art enthusiasts and history lovers alike.
Mysterious structure Adalaj.
Please look at a very mysterious structure in a small town called Adalaj. In the middle of the roads, houses, and trees, what is that strange Lingam shaped structure? This is a historic structure known as the Adalaj Ni Vav. Almost perfectly aligned along the North – South axis, its design is totally unique. It does not have an entrance on the North side at all, and no entryways in the center of the structure as well. But on this side, it has 3 entrances with steps, in three directions, right to next to one another. Why was such a unique architecture built many centuries ago? What are these three octagonal structures on top? This is a very surprising structure, because nothing is visible from the ground level. we start from the ground level and we are going to go down. Yes, this is an underground structure, but you know how many levels, how many floors go underground? It goes five stories below, it has 5 different levels. What do experts say about this structure? Experts call this the Adalaj Step well, and It was designed with 2 separate wells to provide water to the public. A giant structure with so many levels and carvings just to provide water? But there is an even more weird claim. Wikipedia calls this an Indo – Islamic structure meaning that the structure was built by both Hindus and Muslims?
Indo – Islamic structure
How is this possible? it is 75 feet deep and you can see this circular well. It looks remarkably simple, seems to be about 12 feet in diameter, and just 30 feet deep. There are steps radiating on all four sides to help people access water from all sides. Is this well, really the primary purpose of building this vast 5 storied underground structure?
what about the second well, you can see a narrow entrance here, it is just 2 feet wide. It is so narrow that only one person can go through. And here, we can see the secret, second well. It is smaller than the first well, and it is also less deep. If you look carefully into the well, you can see the bottom, it is probably less than 15 feet deep. Why would anyone build 2 separate wells right next to one another? I mean they are for the same purpose, to drink water, right? Today, imagine you are building a house, would you dig 2 separate wells, or put 2 bore wells, right next to each other? This would be like putting 2 separate entrances in front of your house, nobody does it, because there should be no use for this. But the original builders must have a had a valid purpose for this, and we cannot understand what it is. Why is this well hidden from public view?
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